Global Appraisal of Individual Needs - Short Screener
GAIN-SS Validation Study 2006
GAIN SS Fact Sheet
The Purpose of the GAIN-SS
The 3-5 minute GAIN SS (Global Appraisal of Individual Needs - Short Screener) is designed primarily to accomplish three purposes:
- It serves as a short screen for general populations to quickly and accurately identify clients who have one or more behavioral health disorders (e.g., internalizing or externalizing psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, or crime/violence problems), and would benefit from further assessment or referral for these issues. It also rules out those who would not be identified as having behavioral health disorders.
- It serves as an easy-to-use quality assurance tool across diverse field-assessment systems for staff with minimal training or direct supervision.
- It serves as a periodic measure of behavioral health change over time.
Benefits of the GAIN-SS
The catch is that people want a short and accurate assessment that can be used with minimal training, is easy to score and that covers a wide range of behavioral health problems. The latter is important because at the screening level, referrals are often "general," mental health issues are increasingly common, and typically people present with multiple problems. Another desired outcome is that screening should ideally be sufficient not only to identify those who need more detailed assessment/treatment, but also a sub-clinical or lower severity group for whom a brief intervention might be appropriate. In addition to positively impacting the host behavioral health system, introducing such a short, accurate, easy-to-score, wide-ranging screening system also improves the number and appropriateness of people who are being referred to treatment.
Assessments.com Chosen as the Software Platform for the GAIN-SS
Assessments.com (ADC) is one of the nation's largest providers of online assessment systems and is already working collaboratively and successfully with numerous states, counties, and private agencies as well as individuals who are engaged in behavioral health assessment and treatment. ADC has the proven ability and the experience to deliver the GAIN SS with maximum ease of use, security, dependability, and confidentiality – and all in an online, automated system which is affordable, has excellent individual and aggregate reporting capabilities, and the flexibility to integrate the GAIN SS with other assessments and systems as required and appropriate.
Dennis, M.L., Chan, Y-.F., & Funk, R.R. (2006). Development and validation of the GAIN Short Screener (GAIN-SS) for psychopathology and crime/violence among adolescents and adults. The American Journal on Addictions, 15(supplement 1), 80-91. Available from
Development and Validation of the GAIN Short Screener
(GSS) for Internalizing, Externalizing and Substance Use
Disorders and Crime/Violence Problems Among
Adolescents and Adults